in CentOS

IBM X3250 M5 and Minimal CentOS 7

New server come. Its a IBM X3250 M5 with single HD 1TB Sata 7200 RPM. I can not see it from bios setting, my FreeBSD 9.2 CD also unable to detect it but I’ve not try it using FreeBSD 10. As I ever see various case that related with storage detection then I quickly switch to CentOS.

My preference will be CentOS 5.xx version due to application requirement (php 5.2) but now its no longer relevance. I can use newest php version and I think CentOS 7 will be fit. It will overcome storage detection and perhaps I can learn new things.

Installation work smooth since I choose DVD version but I work with minimal installation. A few notes around Minimal CentOS 7 :

# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.0.1406 (Core)

No ifconfig command in minimal CentOS 7

# ifconfig
bash: ifconfig: command not found

Ip addr to see all network setting

# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
inet6 ::1/128 scope host
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: enp0s26u1u2u5: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UNKNOWN qlen 1000
link/ether 6e:ae:8b:5a:68:67 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
3: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP qlen 1000
link/ether 6c:ae:8b:5a:68:60 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 192.168.1.88/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
inet6 fe80::6eae:8bff:fe5a:6860/64 scope link
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
4: eno1: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN qlen 1000
link/ether 6c:ae:8b:5a:68:61 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

nmcli is new friend

# nmcli -p con
=============================================================================
NetworkManager connection profiles
=============================================================================
NAME           UUID                                  TYPE            DEVICE
—————————————————————————–
enp0s26u1u2u5  4ca8bc8e-74c5-4578-ab34-895c1c6cb7a1  802-3-ethernet  —
eno1           598b49c6-9adf-4fb7-96ee-22ebd2ee15bf  802-3-ethernet  —
eth0           2c0edb26-c2ad-42f5-80f3-3bd69b1e27e5  802-3-ethernet  eth0

Edit connection using nmtui

#nmtui

you’ll see screen like this

network manager TUI

more

edit network setting under nmtui

edit anything you want

complete network change using nmtui

The interface is pretty clear and enough for me but if really need ifconfig command

# yum install net-tools
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id
* extras: kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id
* updates: kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id
Resolving Dependencies
–> Running transaction check
—> Package net-tools.x86_64 0:2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7 will be installed
–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================================================================================================
Package                               Arch                               Version                                                Repository                        Size
========================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
net-tools                             x86_64                             2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7                               base                             304 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 304 k
Installed size: 917 k

Is this ok [y/d/N]: y

Downloading packages:
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/base/packages/net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID f4a80eb5: NOKEY76 kB  00:00:00 ETA
Public key for net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                    | 304 kB  00:00:03
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
Importing GPG key 0xF4A80EB5:
Userid     : “CentOS-7 Key (CentOS 7 Official Signing Key) <[email protected]>”
Fingerprint: 6341 ab27 53d7 8a78 a7c2 7bb1 24c6 a8a7 f4a8 0eb5
Package    : centos-release-7-0.1406.el7.centos.2.3.x86_64 (@anaconda)
From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64                                                                                                            1/1
Verifying  : net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64                                                                                                            1/1

Installed:
net-tools.x86_64 0:2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7

Complete!

network scripts still there

# ls /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
ifcfg-eno1           ifdown       ifdown-ipv6  ifdown-routes    ifdown-tunnel  ifup-eth   ifup-plip   ifup-routes    ifup-tunnel        network-functions-ipv6
ifcfg-enp0s26u1u2u5  ifdown-bnep  ifdown-isdn  ifdown-sit       ifup           ifup-ippp  ifup-plusb  ifup-sit       ifup-wireless
ifcfg-eth0           ifdown-eth   ifdown-post  ifdown-Team      ifup-aliases   ifup-ipv6  ifup-post   ifup-Team      init.ipv6-global
ifcfg-lo             ifdown-ippp  ifdown-ppp   ifdown-TeamPort  ifup-bnep      ifup-isdn  ifup-ppp    ifup-TeamPort  network-functions

# cat ifcfg-eth0
TYPE=”Ethernet”
BOOTPROTO=”none”
DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
IPV6INIT=”yes”
IPV6_AUTOCONF=”yes”
IPV6_DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
NAME=”eth0″
UUID=”2c0edb26-c2ad-42f5-80f3-3bd69b1e27e5″
ONBOOT=”yes”
HWADDR=”6C:AE:8B:5A:68:60″
IPADDR0=”192.168.1.88″
PREFIX0=”24″
GATEWAY0=”192.168.1.1″
DNS1=”192.168.1.1″
DOMAIN=”google.com”
IPV6_PEERDNS=”yes”
IPV6_PEERROUTES=”yes”

Free memory before install LAMP

# free -m
total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:          3629        534       3095          8          1        342
-/+ buffers/cache:        189       3439
Swap:         3855          0       3855

# df -H
Filesystem               Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos-root   54G  1,1G   53G   2% /
devtmpfs                 1,9G     0  1,9G   0% /dev
tmpfs                    2,0G     0  2,0G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs                    2,0G  9,0M  1,9G   1% /run
tmpfs                    2,0G     0  2,0G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda2                521M   93M  429M  18% /boot
/dev/mapper/centos-home  942G   34M  942G   1% /home
/dev/sda1                210M   10M  200M   5% /boot/efi

So far its great 🙂