Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) 640 802

What CCNA stands for

CCNA stands for the Cisco Certified Network Associate. An certification from Cisco that get well known worldwide and become one of requirement for applying job in networking related field.

CCNA Salary

The salary from the picture taken from one of job board in UK. Like other job, salary depend on region/area, job requirements etc. The keys are : skill and experience. Your CCNA level means you can do the following task :

  • Install ability
  • Configure ability
  • Operate ability
  • Troubleshoot

medium-size and switched networks.

Plus implementation and verification of connection to remote sites inside a WAN.

How to Achieve CCNA Certification

To get CCNA certification you must earn passing score on Cisco exam (choose only one) :

  1. Cisco exam #640-802 : often called ccna 640 802.
  2. Cisco exam #640-822 AND #640-816 : often called ICND1640-822 and ICND2 640-816.

If you pass the test you’ll get a number that often use by certified CCNA under their name like :

CNNA xxxxx

( xxxxx is number issued by Cisco that valid for 3 years and you need to recertificate after that period ).

The passing score and exam questions are subject to change without notice.

Study CCNA Material / CCNA Study Guide

You can go to test center in your town that usually provide CCNA material plus the exam or you can prepare by yourself  by reading books, watch video tutorial and doing exam simulation. When you’re ready you can go to test center for certification.

>>> Books Recommendation

CCNA Official Exam Certification Library (Exam 640-802), Third Edition (Containing ICND1 and ICND2 Second Edition Exam Certification Guides) by Wendell Odom (save 37%)

CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Study Guide (Exam 640-802) (Certification Press) by by Richard Deal (save 37% )

CCNA: Cisco Certified Network Associate Study Guide: Exam 640-802 by Todd Lammle (save 37% )

The content of those book is great. One aspect I don’t understand clearly in one book get clear explanation in other book. Your experience my vary.

The other book that make me focus on daily learn ‘must accomplish skill‘  is :

31 Days Before Your CCNA Exam: A day-by-day review guide for the CCNA 640-802 exam (2nd Edition) by Allan Johnson (save 34% for this book)

This book has checklist as what I must prepare before taking the test.

>>> Software Test (Testing engine)

– If you do not pass the CCNA 640-802 exam (Cisco Certified Network Associate) on your first attempt using our pass4sure testing engine, they will give you a FULL REFUND of your purchasing fee.

>>> CCNA Video Training

Cisco CCNA Training

Where I can take online Test and When

For online test go to

The best time depend on your motivation. Sign up today and count down yourself the date.

CCNA Certification Cost

$250 for 640 802 (composite test) or $125 for each ICND1 or ICND2.

How Long and How many Question

The test itself will just 90 minutes for questions between 50 – 60.

What you need for the Exam

Write Exam information :

  • location name
  • date test
  • time test (make sure to attend early)
  • phone number of exam place
  • supervisor name

How long I must wait for certification result

No need to wait, as soon as you complete the exam you’ll see immediate result whether you pass or failed. Supervisor will give you score report. Pay attention to the report as a breakou

t of each general each exam topic will be listed with percentage.

Receiving Your Hard Cover Certificate

If you pass the exam you’ll  get hard cover certificate. Just wait around 6-8 weeks for your certificate mailed to the address you provided during exam. Make sure to save it in safe place.

In case you don’t receive your certificate, visit this address :

and submit your case.

Next CCNA Certification Level

You can add CCNA in your curriculum vitae and if you eager to learn more challenge you might take more advance Cisco Certification like : CCNA Security
, CCNA Voice

and CCNA Wireless .

If you failed the exam

I hopeyou don’t but if you do, you must wait for 5 work days before take a retest. (of course you must pay again for this test and contact pass4sure and tell your failed to get full refund of your purchasing fee).

Happy studying and earn your CCNA certification.

Howto Check named configuration error

named can’t start its daemon and left me with nothing than confuse.

# /etc/init.d/bind9 restart

* Stopping domain name service… bind9                                                                                     rndc: connect failed: connection refused
[ OK ]
* Starting domain name service… bind9                                 [fail]

fail message don’t give a clue, further investigation with named manual lead me to -g and -p .

Retry to see the error message :

# named -g -p 53

22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.333 starting BIND 9.7.0-P1 -g -p 53
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.333 built with ‘–prefix=/usr’ ‘–mandir=/usr/share/man’ ‘-                                             -infodir=/usr/share/info’ ‘–sysconfdir=/etc/bind’ ‘–localstatedir=/var’ ‘–enable-threads’ ‘–enable-largefile’ ‘–with-libtool’ ‘–enable-shared’ ‘–enable-static’ ‘–with-openssl=/usr’ ‘–with-gssapi=/usr’ ‘–with-gnu-ld’ ‘–with-dlz-postgres=no’ ‘–with-dlz-mysql=no’ ‘–with-dlz-bdb=yes’ ‘–with-dlz-filesystem=yes                                             ‘ ‘–with-dlz-ldap=yes’ ‘–with-dlz-stub=yes’ ‘–with-geoip=/usr’ ‘–enable-ipv6                                             ‘ ‘CFLAGS=-fno-strict-aliasing -DDIG_SIGCHASE -O2’ ‘LDFLAGS=-Wl,-Bsymbolic-funct                                             ions’ ‘CPPFLAGS=’
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.333 adjusted limit on open files from 1024 to 1048576
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.333 found 4 CPUs, using 4 worker threads
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.333 using up to 4096 sockets
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.340 loading configuration from ‘/etc/bind/named.conf’
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.340 /etc/bind/named.conf.local:16: expected quoted string near ‘.’
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.341 loading configuration: unexpected token
22-Jul-2010 07:34:10.341 exiting (due to fatal error)

I see, I made mistake in named.conf.local (expected quoted string)

View the error

# nano /etc/bind/named.conf.local

Save the file after editing and start bind9

# /etc/init.d/bind9 start

* Starting domain name service… bind9                                                          [ OK ]


How to use filter in google apps email

I hate spam and more when they know my real email address.

But I need solution to stop them. Currently I use Google Apps service which use the same engine as gmail minus a few feature.

First step I use is using ‘Report Spam’ that available in each email display.

This solution is not help me to combat unwanted email that force me to join their mailing list until I use filter.

Yes, the same filter that gmail use.

First : copy and paste the email address.

Continue reading

Change php.ini for adjust max upload file size

File too large

That simple message when marketing team want to upload new support ticket that include attachment with size 4 MB.

Yes, that my mistake for not adjust default max upload file size.

The solution is simple :

Edit php.ini file

I use ubuntu and because I more familiar with freebsd I use phpinfo() as my friend to find out where the file is.

According to phpinfo() the php.ini file located in :


Open that file with nano editor :

# nano /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

change “upload_max_filesize” to other value. I use 8M.

Save the file.

Continue reading

Install pureftp with unixauthentification on ubuntu

I used to use winscp to upload file to vps server. It’s easy and I just need to keep dedicated user.

Due to request for ftp support I decide to install ftp server called pure-ftp on ubuntu jaunty.

Install pure-ftp

# apt-get install pure-ftpd

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
libcap1 pure-ftpd-common
Suggested packages:
netkit-inetd openbsd-inetd xinetd
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libcap1 pure-ftpd pure-ftpd-common
0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 355kB of archives.
After this operation, 1040kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Get:1 jaunty/main libcap1 1:1.10-14build1 [9780B]
Get:2 jaunty/universe pure-ftpd-common 1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1 [176kB]
Get:3 jaunty/universe pure-ftpd 1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1 [169kB]
Fetched 355kB in 1s (278kB/s)
Preconfiguring packages …
Selecting previously deselected package libcap1.
(Reading database … 20798 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking libcap1 (from …/libcap1_1%3a1.10-14build1_amd64.deb) …
Selecting previously deselected package pure-ftpd-common.
Unpacking pure-ftpd-common (from …/pure-ftpd-common_1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1_all.deb) …
Selecting previously deselected package pure-ftpd.
Unpacking pure-ftpd (from …/pure-ftpd_1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1_amd64.deb) …
Setting up libcap1 (1:1.10-14build1) …

Setting up pure-ftpd-common (1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1) …

Setting up pure-ftpd (1.0.21-11.4ubuntu1) …
Starting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd -l pam -E -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -u 1000 -B

Processing triggers for libc6 …
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
You have new mail in /var/mail/root

Enable unixauthentification

# nano /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/UnixAuthentication

change  from no to yes and save the file.

Run the service

# /etc/init.d/pure-ftpd start

Starting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd -l unix -l pam -E -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -u 1000 -B

Great, I can delegate website update process 🙂

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